JINA MAHSA AMINI
The face of Iran's protests. Her life, her dreams and her death.
In memory of Jina 'Mahsa' Amini, the cornerstone of the 'Zan. Zendagi. Azadi revolution.
16 February 2023 | By Gino d'Artali
Read all about the assasination of the 22 year young Jhina Mahsa Amini or Zhina Mahsa Amini (Kurdistan-Iran) and the start of the Zan, Zendagi, Azadi (Women, life, freedom) revolution in Iran 2022
and the latest news about the 'Women Live Freedom' Revolution per month in 2023:
September 17 - 1 --August 31 - 18 -- August 15 - 1-- July 31 - 16 --June 15-1--May 31 -16-- May 15-1--April--March--Feb--Jan
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Here we are to enter THE IRANIAN
WOMEN'S REVOLUTIONISTS against
'Facing Faces and
Facts 1-2' (2022) to commemorate the above named and more and food for
thought and inspiration to fight on.
When one hurts or kills a women
one hurts or kills hummanity and is an antrocitie.
and: My mother (1931-1997) always said to me <Mi figlio, non esistono notizie <vecchie> perche puoi imparare qualcosa da qualsiasi notizia.> Translated: <My son, there is no such thing as so called 'old' news because you can learn something from any news.>
JINHA - Womens news agency - August 31, 2023
<<Journalist Nazila Maroofian arrested again
News Center- Journalist Nazila Maroofian, who interviewed Amjad Amini, father of Jina Mahsa Amini, has been arrested for the fourth time. On August 30, Iranian security forces raided the house of Nazila Maroofian in Tehran. They entered her home by breaking the door. According to the reports of IranWire, the journalistís neighbors said that the journalist was beaten by Iranian security forces during the arrest. The reasons for her arrest are still unclear.>>
Opinion by Gino d'Artali: Once the Russian composer Igor Strawinsky said: <You can repeat anything and anybody except yourself. Wise words. In any case and concerning Nazila Maroofian: she'll never stop repeating herself as far as the killing of Jina Mahsa Amini is concerned and/or repeating the truth.
iranwire - August 30, 2023
<<Journalist Who Covered Mahsa Amini Arrested and Beaten
Iranian journalist Nazila Maroofian was arrested again on Wednesday, August 30, this time at her home in Tehran, IranWire reports. The arrest was carried out by a group of security agents who violently entered her home and broke down the door. According to accounts from neighbors, security forces also subjected Maroofian to a severe beating during the arrest. The reasons for her arrest are still unclear, but it is believed to be related to her work as a journalist. Maroofian has been a vocal critic of the Iranian government and has written extensively about human rights abuses in the country. She was previously arrested in 2022, following the death in custody of Mahsa Amini. Maroofian had interviewed Amini's father and her reporting on the case led to her arrest. In recent months, Maroofian has also written about cases of sexual assault on female inmates in Iran. Her reporting on this issue has led to her being targeted by the government. The arrest of Maroofian is the latest in a series of crackdowns on journalists and activists in Iran. According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, a media freedom NGO, Iranian authorities have arrested at least 95 journalists since September 2022, when the death in morality police custody of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini sparked nationwide protests. Known for its harsh internet censorship, which includes banning thousands of websites, the Islamic Republic has periodically suppressed or cut internet access for most Iranians to prevent them from accessing and disseminating information online and from safe online communications.>>
Opinion by Gino d'Artali: the regime and judiciary are, with the commemoration of the heinous killing of Jina Mahsa Amini nearing, they are really targetting journalist Nazila Maroofian now but the truth and the truth only will be spoken and written no matter what!
iranwire - August 24, 2023 - by SHADYAR OMRANI
Iranian Influential Women Mahshid Amirshahi (1937-Present)
<I proudly raise my voice in support of Mr. Shapour Bakhtiar. Even if this voice remains alone in space, I have never been scared to be alone. This time, however, I am scared, not for my own sake but for the future of this land and the fate of all those I love.> These were the words of a young woman who was not afraid to stand up against the revolutionary tide that in 1979 was carrying most Iranians with itself. Mahshid Amirshahi stood on the side that she believed was the right one. On February 6, 1979, as the Islamic Revolution was taking hold in Iran, she wrote an article entitled <Is there nobody who supports Bakhtiar?> which was published in the newspaper Ayandegan. In the article, she expressed support for Shapour Bakhtiar, the last prime minister of the shah, and criticized the Iranian intellectuals, politicians, members of parliament and diplomats who kept silent about the clerics' interference in politics or changed their stance at the threshold of the revolution. She was the only intellectual at the time who fearlessly raised her voice in opposition to the revolutionary turmoil that had gripped the nation. Mahshid Amirshahi may not be known to many people born after the revolution. As a writer, satirist, translator and journalist, she went to France after the 1979 revolution and never returned to Iran. Since then, she has avoided interviews with the media. She has been very selective and built her unique world on the fringes, so much so that no one knows exactly when she was born, although April 1937 is the date usually cited. On the back cover of some of her publications are the words: <I don't think my date of birth and birth certificate number, my mother's name or my father's job are interesting to anyone but registrars. Therefore, exempt me from the pain of writing about such things and the readers from the boredom of reading them. Moreover, for a woman who is gradually looking for new white hairs in the mornings and anxiously examines the wrinkles under her eyes, it is not pleasant to talk about age. To insist on knowing it is far from having finesse.> Nevertheless, we know that her father, Amir Amirshahi, was one of the top retired judges from the Ministry of Justice and her mother, Molood Khanlari, was a prominent political and women's rights activist. They had three daughters, Mahshid being the middle one.
Before the 1979 revolution, Mahshid Amirshahi's name was unknown in the field of politics, but she was already known for her writing. Years later, after the publication of her book In the Presence, she was recognized as an intellectual and dubbed the <only honest narrator of the revolution.>
In one of the few interviews she gave, when asked by German newspaper with Deutsche Welle why she openly supported Bakhtiar at the peak of the revolution and opposed the Islamists and other revolutionaries, she said: <I think it was due to my acquaintance with the history of my country as well as other countries to some extent. History has shown that whenever religion interferes in politics, it has no fruit other than misery and oppression. Religious musts and must nots demand a kind of obedience from the people that the Iranians will not yield to; they are against individual freedom and democracy, which I have always believed in. I imagine when all those events began, I realized how dangerous the situation was as a result of my knowledge of history.> In the course of the revolution and particularly after her open support of Shapour Bakhtiar against the Islamists, she was inevitably forced to leave the country. She had said that although the article she wrote in support of Bakhtiar led to the revolutionaries' hostility, it was not why she left Iran. <I was thinking that we should resist and stop the clergy in the country. At that time I was the only member of my family still living in Iran. In addition to what I had done, they heard rumors, which made them extremely worried for me. That is why I decided to visit them to prove that I was all right. When I finally reached Europe, the Iran-Iraq war broke out and it was no longer possible for me to return.> During the initial years after she left the country, Mahshid Amirshahi concentrated her political activity on defending freedom of expression and the separation of religion and politics. In 1992 she led France's campaign to support Salman Rushdie, who faced a campaign of violence and hatred from some Muslims, and who Ayatollah Khomeini called on Muslims to murder. She helped found the Committee to Defend Salman Rushdie in France with French intellectual Claude Lefort, and published a statement on behalf of Iranian artists and intellectuals in his defense. On a program broadcast on the weekly BBC Persian program Tamasha hosted by Maryam Erfan, Amirshahi talked of her love for the Persian language. <In my sunless, isolated and gloomy room in exile, with its window not opening to any green branch or a corner of the blue sky, I talk to myself in a loud voice so that I will hear the echo of Persian words again.> Her love for her mother tongue drove her commitment to both writing and politics, and she gave book readings and lectures all over the world, including at Harvard University, the French Senate, and the world congress of Spanish writers, which were well received by both prominent writers and audiences. She has been celebrated for her writing and credited with bringing the Persian language to wider audiences, with one Canadian lecturer in comparative literature drawing attention to the immersive and compelling nature of her work. Mahshid Amirshahi says she has paid the price for the stances she has taken, and for being a loner, which she has described as painful. But she added, <It has another consequence as well and that is the sense of pride, which heals that pain.> >>
Jina Mahsa Amini's parents grieving at the hospital halway and depicted by Nazila Maroofian
and on her previous release from jail. A neverending story?
JINHA - Womens news agency - August 17, 2023
<<Iranian journalist Nazila Maroufian released
Iranian journalist Nazila Maroufian, who was arrested for the third time on August 14 for interviewing with Jina Mahsa Amini's father, has been released.
News Center- Iranian journalist Nazila Maroufian (23), who was arrested for the third time on August 14, 2023 for interviewing with Amjad Amini, father of Jina Mahsa Amini, was released from prison yesterday. The young journalist announced her release on her social media account. <Do you regret posting the photo after being released? Do you accept that it was a mistake?> Ė <No, I did nothing wrong,> her social media post said.
She has been arrested for three times
Nazila Maroufian was first arrested in November 2022 for interviewing with Jina Mahsa Aminiís father. She was released on bail on January 9. Then, Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court sentenced her to two years in prison with a five-year travel ban on charges of <propaganda activities against the regimeĒ and <spreading lies to upset the public conscience through the release of an interview with Jina Mahsa Amini's father>. On July 9, she was arrested again when she went to Evin prison to testify. After 36 days in prison, she was released on bail of three million Iranian rials on August 13, 2023. On August 14, she was rearrested.>>
Updates 'till August 10, 2023
Note from Gino d'Artali: The 2 below messages are just an example on how the Iranian judiciary relentlessly hacks on journalists:
Jinha - Womens news agency - August 14,2023
<<Iranian journalist Nazila Maroufian arrested for third time
News Center- Iranian journalist Nazila Maroufian (23) has been arrested for the third time for interviewing with Amjad Amini, father of Jina Mahsa Amini. Last night, the young journalist was detained and taken to the Qarchak Prison. 23-year-old Nazila Maroufian was first arrested in November 2022 for interviewing with Jina Mahsa Amini's father. She was released on bail on January 9. Then, Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court sentenced her to two years in prison with a five-year travel ban on charges of <propaganda activities against the regime> and <spreading lies to upset the public conscience through the release of an interview with Jina Mahsa Aminiís father>. On July 9, she was arrested again when she went to Evin prison to testify. After 36 days in prison, she was released on bail of three million Iranian rials on August 13.>>
Jinha - Womens news agency - August 14,2023
<<Journalist Nazila Maroufian released from prison
News Center- Journalist Nazila Maroufian, who was arrested for a second time in Tehran on July 9 by Iranian regime forces for interviewing with Jina Mahsa Amini's father, has been released on bail of three million Iranian after 36 days in prison. 23-year-old Nazila Maroufian was first arrested in November 2022 for interviewing with Jina Mahsa Aminiís father. She was released on bail on January 9. Then, Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court sentenced her to two years in prison with a five-year travel ban on charges of <propaganda activities against the regime> and <spreading lies to upset the public conscience through the release of an interview with Jina Mahsa Amini's father*>. On July 9, she was arrested again when she went to Evin prison to testify.>>
*journalist Nazila Maroofian who interviewed the father of Jina Mahsa Amini, Amjad Amini, said that she had no pre-existing heart condition and said in the interview that <theyíre lying. They're telling lies. Everything is a lie ... no matter how much I begged, they wouldn't let me see my daughter,> Amjad Amini said. When he viewed his daughter's body leading up to her funeral it was entirely wrapped except for her feet and face - though he noticed bruising on her feet. <I have no idea what they did to her,> he said.
Iranwire - August 10, 2023
<<Two Iranian Sports Journalists Fired for Criticizing Minister
Two journalists working for the state-run Iran Sports newspaper were fired after they criticized the management of the Ministry of Sports and Youth under former minister Hamid Sajjadi. Ali Vahdani, a reporter for state TV, tweeted on August 10 that Azadeh Pirakooh and Mohsen Ajarloo were sacked due to their critical stance toward Sajjadi. On August 1, President Ebrahim Raisi accepted the resignation of Sajjadi and appointed Kiumars Hashemi as caretaker minister of sports. It was reportedly the third time Sajjadi tendered his resignation since he was injured in a helicopter crash in February. There have been increasing concerns about the treatment of women in Iranian sports federations since his appointment as minister two years ago. He was targeted by EU sanctions for exerting pressure on Iranian athletes to silence them and prevent them from taking a stand against the repression in Iran. Iranian authorities have cracked down hard on dissent and the media since the eruption of nationwide protests sparked by Amini's death, with dozens of activists, journalists and lawyers being arrested in recent months.>>
JINHA - Womens news agency - August 8, 2023
<<Fighter of truth: Deniz Fırat
<Let's be the voices of women like Deniz. Let's keep the legacy of Deniz alive,> said journalist Binevs Sarya, describing journalist Deniz Fırat, who was martyred in an attack of ISIS on Makhmour, as the fighter of truth.>>
Read her inspiring story here:
Iranwire - August 7, 2023
<<Iranian Journalist Brothers Arrested ahead of Reporter's Day
Iranian authorities arrested two journalist brothers just days ahead of National Journalist's Day, local media reported. Mehdi and Majid Nikahd were both taken to an undisclosed location on August 4. There was no immediate information about the reason behind their arrest or the charges they face. Mehdi Nikahd is the editor-in-chief of Nameh-e-Amir magazine and correspondent for the semi-official ILNA news agency in Markazi province. He has held the position of Director of the Press House in the province. His brother Majid is the managing editor of the same magazine and a citizen journalist. He has been a member of the Moderate and Development political party in Markazi province.
Iran marks National Journalist's Day on August 8.
In recent months, the judiciary and security establishments have arrested a growing number of journalists and issued sentences against many of them. Iran ranked as the world's worst jailer of journalists in the Committee to Protect Journalistsí (CPJ) 2022 prison census, which documented those behind bars as of December 1.>>
Read more here:
Iranwire - August 4, 2023 - by SHADYAR OMRANI
<<Influential Iranian Women: Shahnaz Azad (1901-1961)
When Shahnaz Azad (|born as| Roshdieh) published a sharply-toned article on the necessity of women's education in the autumn of 1920, with the above as the opening sentence, she was only 20 years old. This passionate young woman, whose newspaper, Women's Epistle, appeared more than 100 years ago, lit a bonfire under the deadwood of Iran's patriarchal and misogynistic society. She went on to serve as editor-in-chief of the fourth Iranian womenís newspaper, targeting hijab as the most significant cause of Iranian women's <backwardness> and insisted that women remove it, at a time when no woman was even allowed to leave her house without chador, veil and the permission of her male guardian or husband. Above its logo, her newspaper bore the legend <Women are Men's First Teachers.> Beneath, it said: <This newspaper is to awaken and redeem the rights of deprived and oppressed Iranian women.>
Azad was the eldest daughter of Mirza Hassan Tabrizi, the founder of modern education in Iran who became known as Hassan Roshdieh. Originally a native of the city of Tabriz, he went to the Ottoman Empire to continue his education. There, he became familiar with modern elementary schools called Roshdiehs which, contrary to the traditional schools in Iran, taught the alphabet to children aged six to nine years old.
When Roshdieh's daughter Shahnaz was born in 1901, he decided to educate his daughter himself.
In the same year when Shahnaz's father began teaching her, the first rumbles of the Constitutionalist Movement were heard. Shahnaz's education coincided with the signing of the Constitutional Order by the Shah and other historic events which later encouraged her to join progressive women's associations at a young age. Shahnaz's father went further than mere homeschooling. He took her and her sister, disguised in boys' clothing, to school and made them promise not to disclose that they were girls. Their clandestine study behind the boys' desks at the school where their father was the principal lasted for several years, until finally, by the efforts of Bibi Khanoom Astarabadi and later Tuba Azmudeh, girls' schools were established and Roshdiehís daughters took their places there instead. Shahnaz was just 16 years old when she married a famous journalist, Abolghasem Azad Maraghei. Because her husband was an intellectual, the marriage did not hinder her further education or social activities.
The marriage gave Shahnaz the freedom she needed to become more active in political and journalistic spheres. Together with Abolghasem, she founded the Women's Epistle newspaper, a radical and progressive publication that criticized the patriarchal society. Shahnaz, who was only 19, wrote the editorials. In the inaugural issue, she wrote: <What is there that hinders us to see with our own eyes, hear with our own ears, and walk on our healthy feet on the highway of progress? Hijab, delusions, and the shackles of fogeyism.> <To be frank, European women work much better than Iranian men. It is surprising that Iranians have still not realized that if women are not educated, men will not become the kind of men they should be. Aren't women their life-companion? In that case how can he allow his house, his life, his properties, his respect and dignity, to fall into the hands of an illiterate woman?> <Women's education,> Azad concluded, <is more imperative than men's because men's knowledge depends on women's knowledge, and not otherwise. In all countries, women number more than men. If they do not see women's education as necessary, then half the world will be out of the sphere of humanity, and the rest, men, will also be out as a result of their mothers' ignorance.> >>
Read all here:
Additional bio-information about mrs. Azad: In the year 1920, before the age of 20, she also published the Women's Letter for women's awareness in Iran about their rights. She published articles on women's rights, hijab, national and international news, and all her articles were written for women. Shahnaz along with her husband, were faced with harassment, imprisonment and exile, shortage of funds and financial problems for the publication of their Newspapers.
Jina' parents grieving in the hallway of the hospital after being told she'd died (been killed)
Iranwire - August 1, 2023
<<Iranís Judiciary: Arrest of Two Journalists Not Related to Mahsa Amini Reporting
Iran's judiciary has denied that two female journalists have been detained for 10 months for having reported on the September death in police custody of Mahsa Amini. Niloofar Hamedi and Elahe Mohammadi <cooperated with the hostile government of the United States on occasions,> judiciary spokesman Massoud Setayeshi told a press conference on August 1, adding that <a comprehensive report on this matter will be available to the Iranian people.>
He did not elaborate further.
Amini, 22, died on September 16, three days after being arrested by the morality police in Tehran for allegedly wearing a headscarf improperly. Her death triggered months of demonstrations that quickly escalated into calls for the overthrow of the Islamic Republic. The authorities cracked down hard on the women-led protest movement, killing hundreds of people and unlawfully detaining thousands, including dozens of journalists. Hamedi, a reporter for Sharhg newspaper, and Mohammadi, a reporter for Hammihan newspaper, were arrested during the initial days of the nationwide protests. They are being held at Tehran's Evin prison. Their separate trials ended last month after two closed-door hearings, and Setayeshi said the court was now drafting a verdict. The two journalists face charges including <collaboration with the hostile government of the United States,> <gathering and collusion to commit a crime against national security> and <propaganda activity against the Islamic Republic.> Reporters Without Borders (RSF) labeled both trials as a <sham> and urged the Iranian authorities to <stop terrorising> journalists. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) called the trials a <travesty of justice.> Before her arrest, Hamedi captured an image of Amini's parents embracing each other at a Tehran hospital while their daughter was in a coma, and shared the photo on Twitter. Mohammadi covered Amini's funeral in her Kurdish hometown of Saqqez, where the widespread protests initially erupted. Iran ranked as the world's worst jailer of journalists in CPJís 2022 prison census, which documented those behind bars as of December 1. According to the New York-based media freedom watchdog, the Islamic Republic has detained at least 95 journalists during last year's nationwide protests. Many have been released on bail while awaiting trial or summonses to serve multi-year sentences.>>
Jinha - Womens news agency - August 1, 3023
<<Two Iranian journalists sentenced to 8 years and 4 months in prison
News Center- The final hearing of the trial against Iranian journalists Saeideh Shafiei and Nasim Beigi was held by the Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran. The two journalists have been sentenced to eight months in prison on charges of <propaganda against the state> and three years and seven months in prison on charges of <acting against national security>. The journalists have also been banned from travelling abroad and being members of political and social organizations for two years. Journalist Mehrnoush Henzaki has been acquitted of all charges against her.>>
Iranwire - July 31, 2023
<<Iranian Journalist Portabatabaei Goes on Trial for <Spreading Lies>
Iranian journalist Ali Portabatabaei, the editor of the Qom News website, stood trial on July 31 for allegedly <spreading lies> about a wave of poisonings that has affected thousands of students, mainly schoolgirls, across the country. <The respected judge asked me to defend myself regarding the accusation of publishing falsehoods with the intention of disturbing the public mind, and I presented my documents and defended myself,> Portabatabaei tweeted after the first court hearing. He also said that the charges of communicating with foreigners and <espionage> were dropped. Portabatabaei was arrested in March this year after covering the first poisoning cases in Qom schools in November 2022. Until May this year, hundreds of girls' schools across Iran were targeted by poisoning attacks in what Amnesty International described as <a campaign that appears to be highly coordinated and organized.> As many as 13,000 pupils reportedly suffered symptoms including nausea, fainting, headaches, coughing, breathing difficulties and heart palpitations, with many requiring treatment in hospital. The attacks appeared to target girls for their involvement in nationwide protests sparked by the September death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in police custody.>>
Iranwire - July 31, 2023
<<Two Iranian Women Journalists Handed Jail Terms
Iranian journalists Saeedeh Shafiei and Nasim Sultanbeigi have been sentenced to four years and three months in prison on charges of <assembly and collusion> and propaganda against the Islamic Republic. According to the Telegram channel of the Journalist Association of Tehran province, Shafiei's husband, Hasan Homayoun, said that Branch 26 of Tehran Revolutionary Court also banned the two journalists from traveling and being members of any groups for a period of two years. He said that a third woman journalist, Mehrnoosh Zarei, was acquitted of all charges. Shafiei and Sultanbeigi were arrested in October 2022, along with a number of other journalists, in the wake of widespread protests sparked by the death in police custody of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini. Iran ranked as the world's worst jailer of journalists in the Committee to Protect Journalists' (CPJ) 2022 prison census, which documented those behind bars as of December 1. According to the New York-based media freedom watchdog, the Islamic Republic has detained at least 95 journalists during last year's nationwide protests. Many have been released on bail while awaiting trial or summonses to serve multi-year sentences.>>
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